The Pedagogy of Don Bosco, also known as the Salesian Preventive System, is a holistic
approach to education developed by Saint John Bosco, an Italian Catholic priest and
educator, in the 19th century. The system is based on three key principles: reason, faith, and
1. Reason: Don Bosco believed that education should be based on reason, not punishment. He encouraged teachers to build relationships with their students and understand their needs and interests. He believed that by using reason, teachers could help their students develop critical thinking skills and make good decisions. He also emphasized the importance of experiential learning and encouraged teachers to use hands-on activities and practical projects to engage students.
2. Faith: Don Bosco’s faith was a deeply integrated part of his identity, and he believed that education should not only focus on intellectual development but also on spiritual and moral development. He believed that students should be taught to love God and their fellow human beings, and that they should be encouraged to live a life of service and dedication to others.
3. Loving-kindness: Don Bosco believed in the importance of creating a warm and supportive learning environment, where students feel loved, respected, and valued. He believed in building positive relationships with students based on mutual trust and affection, and in fostering a sense of community and belonging.
Overall, Don Bosco's approach to teaching highlights the significance of fostering a constructive bond between educators and learners, utilizing reason to involve students in their own education, and establishing a nurturing and considerate atmosphere in the classroom.. His approach has been influential in the development of modern educational theory and practice.
Don Bosco's legacy continues to be felt in the world of education today. His innovative
approach to youth education and development has inspired countless organizations and
individuals, and his teachings continue to be studied and applied in a variety of settings
around the world.
The National Education Policy (NEP) in India, which was approved by the Indian government in 2020, is also focused on a holistic and inclusive approach to education, emphasizing 21st-century skills and the development of critical thinking, creativity, and a passion for lifelong learning. The NEP seeks to reform and improve the Indian education system to make it more accessible, equitable, and relevant to the needs of 21st-century learners.
While the NEP is a comprehensive policy that covers all aspects of education in India, it shares some similarities with Don Bosco's method of education. Both approaches prioritize a student-centred approach and aim to create an environment that is supportive, inclusive, and focused on the individual needs and abilities of each student. In this context, the Preventive System could offer some valuable lessons for the implementation of the NEP in India. Here are a few points that the NEP could learn from the Preventive System: